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Individuals Societies and Opportunities: A New Integrative Model of Delinquency and Crime
Social Sciences and Humanities Journal (SSHJ), Volume 2, Jan 2017

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In this work a new integrative model of crime, named triple risk of crime model (or TRD), is proposed. The model is not considered competitive and contradictory with traditional theories of crime. Instead of it, this is conceived as a more global structure, susceptible of incorporating different explanation processes of criminal behavior. This proposal takes its bases from the analyses on social support as hinge for prevention, from the situational theories of crime, and, more widely, from the criminological research on risk and protection factors, which are re-conceptualized here as risk dimensions. All the risk dimensions (defined from couples of present risk and protection factors) are grouped exhaustively in three categories of risks: a) personals, b) about the received ?pro-social support?, and c) concerned to crime opportunities. It is considered that the unique combination in every individual of elements from these three risk categories hurls specific criminogenic processes (in consonance with classical theories of crime), which determine his ?antisocial motivation? and his ?antisocial behavior risk?. From this, the TRD model defines both the individual risk of antisocial behavior and the social risk of crime. Some empirical results on this model are also presented.

Author(s): Santiago REDONDO
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