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Active Listening to Music ? Methodology and School Practice in
Art Studies and Architectural Journal (ASAJ), Volume 2, Jan 2017

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The reform carried out in Polish school system in 1999 involved profound changes into the educational way from Kindergarten to Dissertation. The education system comprises: pre-school institutions, primary schools, lower secondary schools, upper secondary schools and post- secondary schools. The main aim of music education in schools is to stimulate comprehensive development of all students. The contents of teaching are, among others, folk, classical and pop music; main musical terminology; variety of national music ? including regional music and the diversity of other countries music. Music teaching methods include most of all, organizing and developing individual and group musical activities among students ? singing, playing instruments, and listening to music. Research and experiments show that listening to music should be introduced at the earliest age because it stimulates general and music development in young children. Listening to and getting acquainted with music is a prerequisite for shaping music abilities, first of all music memory, training concentration and music imagination. Active method of listening to music is a way to teach and learn music. Children learn through doing, exploring, playing and improvising. Music may be accompanied by clapping and stamping or by drums, sticks and other children instruments. It is an integration of movement, dance and language. One is involved not only as a listener but also as participant. During working out pieces of different composers students use movement (simple dance forms, choreography inspired by historical dance), instrumental improvisation (playing recorder, Orff instruments) and melodic recitation. Music teachers in Poland often use active methods of teaching. According to the new educational basis it is also possible to create authors teaching programs.

Author(s): Gabriela Karin Konkol
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